Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Lit Terms 5

Parallelism: the principle in sentence structure that states elements of equal function should have equal form.
Parody:  an imitation of mimicking of a composition or of the style of a well-known artist.
Pathos:  the ability in literature to call forth feelings of pity, compassion, and/or sadness.
Pedantry: a display of learning for its own sake.
Personification: a figure of speech attributing human qualities to inanimate objects or  abstract ideas.
Plot: a plan or scheme to accomplish a purpose.
Poignant:  eliciting sorrow or sentiment.
Point of View: the view that the person is seeing it from or experienced .
Postmodernism: literature characterized by experimentation, different, breaking the fourth wall. Blurring the boundary between imaginary and real things
Prose:  the ordinary form of spoken and written language or language with out rhyme
Protagonist: opposes the antagonist, main character in a fiction
Pun:  play on words; the humorous use of a word emphasizing different meanings or applications.
Purpose: what the author intends you to get from it
Realism:  writing about the ordinary aspects of life and showing it as it is.
Refrain:  a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a poem or song
Requiem:  any chant, dirge, hymn, or musical service for the dead.
Resolution: point in a literary work where an answer is found or a problem had been solved
Restatement: idea repeated for emphasis.
Rhetoric: use of language, used to persuade
Rhetorical Question: question suggesting its own answer or not requiring an answer; used in argument or persuasion.
Rising Action: building the plot making way towards the climax
Romanticism:  movement in western culture  in the eighteenth and continuing to the  nineteenth century as a revolt against Classicism.
Satire:  use of humor and exaggeration to criticize people's stupidity
Scansion: the analysis of verse in terms of meter.
Setting: the time and place in which events in a story, novel, play or narrative occur.

Lit Terms 4

Interior Monologue: a form of writing which represents the inner thoughts of a character.
Inversion: words out of order for emphasis
Juxtaposition: the intentional placement of a word, phrase, or sentences  to contrast with another nearby.
Lyric: a poem having musical form and quality, short showing of the author’s
innermost thoughts and feelings.
Magic(al) Realism:  a style of painting and literature in which imaginary and often images or events are depicted detailed  manner.
Metaphor(extended, controlling, and mixed): an analogy that compare two different  things imaginatively.
   Extended: a metaphor that is extended or developed as far as the writer wants to take it.
   Controlling: a metaphor that runs throughout the piece of work.
   Mixed: a metaphor that ineffectively blends two or more analogies.
Metonymy:  literally device of figurative language in which the
 name of an attribute or associated thing is substituted for the usual name of a thing. Ex: suit for a business man
Mode of Discourse:  persuasion argument... description, and exposition.
Modernism:  literary movement characterized by style, rejecting tradition, symbolism and psychology.
Monologue:  a long speech told by a character

Mood:  the atmosphere or feeling of the story
Motif:  a recurring feature in a piece of literature.
Myth:  a story, often about immortals, and sometimes connected with religious rituals, that attempts to give meaning to the mysteries of the world.
Narrative:  a story or description of events.
Narrator:  someone who narrates or tells a story.
Naturalism: extreme form of realism.
Novelette/Novella: short story or short prose narrative
Omniscient Point of View:  knowing everything, usually the third person.
Onomatopoeia: use of a word with a sound that imitates or suggests the meaning. 

Oxymoron: a figure of speech in which two contradicting words or phrases are combined to produce a rhetorical effect.
Pacing:  the rate of something moving
Parable:  a story designed to show some religious principle, moral lesson, or fact. 

Paradox:  a statement that conflicts with itself or opinion opposite  to generally accepted ideas

Sunday, April 27, 2014

Lit Terms 3

Exposition: beginning of a story that sets gives facts, information, and details
Expressionism: movement in art, literature, and music showing inner feelings
Fable: a short story that usually had animals as characters and usually is true
Fallacy: a Latin word that means to deceive. An untrue fact or belief
Falling Action: part of the narrative or drama after the climax.
Farce: a comedy with laughter and dialogue
Figurative Language: speech or writing where imaginative language is used to show figures of speech
Flashback: a narrative device that flashes back to prior events.
Foil: a person or thing that when compared one, makes another seem better or more prominent.
Folk Tale: story passed on by word of mouth
Foreshadowing: in fiction and drama, a device to prepare the reader for what is to come without giving it away.
Free Verse: verse with irregular pattern or no rhyme
Genre: a category or class of artistic endeavor having a particular form, technique, or content.
Gothic Tale: a style in literature characterized by gloomy settings, or violence.
Hyperbole: an exaggerated statement often used as a figure of speech or to prove a point.
Imagery: figures of speech or vivid description, conveying images through any of the senses.
Implication: a meaning that is to be understood by the reader but that is not fully stated by the author.
Incongruity: the deliberate joining of opposites or of elements that are not appropriate to each other.
Inference: a judgement or conclusion based on given evidence, the forming of an opinion with a degree of probability according to facts already available.
Irony: a contrast between what is said and what is meant, or what is expected to happen and what actually happens.

Monday, April 14, 2014

Lit Terms 2

Circumlocution: a roundabout or evasive speech or writing, in which many words are used but a few would have served
Classicism: principles of ancient Greece and Rome: traditions, reasoning ,order, and everything in balance
Cliché: something over used in society
Climax: the highest point in a story where the question is answered
Colloquialism: informal conversation using slang or made up changed words
Comedy: a piece of work with a  happy ending but it now is known to be funny making the audience laugh and smile
Conflict: struggle or problem in a story that must be solved
Connotation: a meaning beyond the dictionary meaning
Contrast: a device where an idea or object is compared with the opposite  to provide clarity
Denotation: dictionary definition
Denouement: tying up the ending of a story after the climax
Dialect: the language of a particular district, class or group of persons; the sounds, grammar, and diction employed by people distinguished from others.
Dialectics: formal debates usually over the nature of truth.
Dichotomy: split or break between two opposing things.
Diction: the style of speaking or writing as reflected in the choice and use of words
Didactic: having to do getting educated of learning ex: education.
Dogmatic: rigid beliefs and customs.
Elegy: a mourning poem or song that shows views on death or remembering a person who has passed on
Epic: a long narrative poem written by a hero, who believes and shows their custom or race
Epigram: witty aphorism
Epitaph: a message or note that someone may want on their tombstone
Epithet: a name or phrase that could insult someone
Euphemism: the use of an indirect word or expression that is mean or offensive
Evocative: making memories and remembering things

Lit Terms 1

Allegory: story, poem or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning.
Alliteration: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
Allusion: the reference to something else without out saying it directly
Ambiguity: doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning or intention
Anachronism: something or someone that is set in the wrong time era and does not fit in
Analogy: a similarity between two like figures
Analysis: a method of studying the nature of something
Anaphora: repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more sentences.
Anecdote: a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature.
Antagonist: the adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work:
Antithesis: the direct opposite
Aphorism: a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation
Apologia: an apology, as in defense or justification of a belief, idea, etc.
Apostrophe: a sign that indicates possession or connects two words
Argument: a disagreement, when two people have a different view on something.
Assumption: something taken for granted; a supposition: a correct assumption.
Audience: the people listening, and watching or the people or person that is reached out to.
Characterization: the creation and convincing representation of fictitious characters.
Chiasmus: a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases

Friday, December 13, 2013

Literature Analysis #3

The Last Lecture

1. Randy Pausch was a computer science professor at Carnegie Mellon University. He was married and had three children. Randy was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in August of 2006. He knew the ods of him living were against him but he still had hope. He stayed positive and didnt let the cancer bring him down. He decided to give a last lecture to help guide the students. His wife wasnt too happy about this, but later changed her mind. His cancer went away temporarily, but came back on August 15, 2007. The cancer spread to his liver and came back stronger. He decided to take life day by day. He respects that his wife always supported him and had big expectations for his kids. He had a neew look on life now that he knew he would soon die. This book is very inspirational to people but he did die at the age of 47 on July 25, 2008.
2. I would have to sat that no matter what happens to always stay positive have hope ad live life to the fullest and to achieve your childhood dreams.
3. The authors tone is happiness and to achieve your goals and never quit.
"I was aware from an early age, that Nasa wouldnt want me. I had heard that astronauts couldnt have glassed. I was okay with that."
"I wont die the next day or the day after that, or the day after that. So today, right now,  well this is a wonderful day. And i want you to know how much Im enjoying it."
"After i die, i want themto take my kids for the weekends, here and there, and just do stuff. Anything fun they can think of."
4. Point of View: First person "I already had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, but I was optimistic." Page 1
Imagery: "My romance with football started when my dad dragged me, kicking and screaming to join a league."
Symbols: The Last Lecture represents what Randy wanted people to know about him, and to give them a good lasting impression on how important goals are.
Conflict: Randy gets pancreatic cancer and he is going to die so he agrees to have a last lecture.
Setting: He lived in Pittsburgh before he was diagnosed with cancer.
Metaphor: "We can't change the hand we are dealt"
Flashback: Randy looks back to when he was a kid and achieved his childhood dreams
Anecdote: When Randy talks about being able to know what zero gravity feels like
Genre: Nonfiction true story about the authors life, childhood and happiness
Metaphor: Loyalty is a two way street
1. Direct: Randy Pausch himself because he talks about his childhood goals and how he is going to deal with the last lecture
Indirect: He talks about his wife and how she always supported him
Indirect: He talks about his children and what he expects for them after he's gone
Direct: Randy's dad was a World War 2 medic who served in Battle of the Bulge.
2. The way the story was written in a very relaxed/calm way and the diction and syntax don't really change
3. Randy is very dynamic because he changes to overcome obstacles and is a very round character.
4. Yes I feel like I met Randy Pausch and I am now even more thankful for what I have. I now want to be more positive because things could be worse.

Literature Analysis #2

   Great Expectations

1. There is a young boy named Pip who is 6 years old and lives with his sister and her husband Joe(Mr. Gargery). Pip takes food from his sister to feed a convict at churchyard so he does not starve. Pip goes to Miss Havisham's house to play with Estella her adopted daughter, who Pip begins to like and later falls in love with. When Pip is old enough he gets a job but he would rather become a man and marry Estella. He randomly gets a fortune from an unknown benefactor, so Pip moves to London and Mr. Jaggers who is a lawyer begins to take care of him then Pip becomes friends with Herbert Pocket. On Pip's 21st birthday Mr. Jaggers gives him a 500 pound yearly allowance. On Pip's 23rd birthday the convict shows up to Pip's house and he tells Pip how he is Pip's undiscovered benefactor. The convict's real name is Abel Magwitch who was not to return to England so Pip finds a way to get him out of the country. Estella gets married and later finds out Magwitch is her dad. Magwitch get sent back to jail and later dies. He later moves to Cairo and works at Herbert's shipping yard for many years then moves back to England while Joe marries Biddy and Pip later reunites with Estella.

2. I'd have to say the theme of Great Expectations is love, and that good deeds are could benefit you in the future. I think that is the theme because Pip is all along trying to find someone to love as his own and because of him feeding the convict he later had a benefactor who helped him for many years.

3. I'd have to say I think the author's tone has to do with family and friends because throughout the story Pip is looking for just that. He doesn't have a father or mother so he sees himself as the people he is surrounded by so he helps the convict out, he depends on Miss Havisham, he lives with his sister and her husband in law then he later falls in love with Estella who he doesn't have a chance with. "Where's your Mother?" "There, sir!" said I"
"Who d'ye live with?" "My sister, sir - Mrs. Joe Gargery - wife of Joe Gargery, the blacksmith, sir."
"I cannot adequately express what pain it gave me to think that Estella should show favour to a contemptible, clumsy, sulky, booby, so very far below the average."

4. Imagery: "I realeased the leg of the table and ran for my life" Pg24
Metaphor: "When I was the first hired out as shepherd t'other side the world, it's my belief I should ha'turned into a molloncolly mad sheep myself."
Conflict: Miss Havisham tells Pip she is helping him and it ends up not being true, she was hiding the convicts identity
Symbols: The mist represents not being able to see so when the convict came he couldn't see
Hyperbole: "I looked at Wemmick, whose face was very grave."
Poit of View: First person, Pip is telling the story of him growing up and how it all became who he is today.
Genre: Fantasy, Pip grows up gets a benefactor and is moved to London then Mr.Jagger gives him a 500 pound allowance to good to be true.
Allusion: Pip and Herbert go to see Mr. Wopsle in a production of Shakespears Hamlet.
Settiing: London, Pip moves to London and lives with Mr. Jagger and is given a 500 pound annual allowance.
Onomatopeia: "Ay, ay, dear buy"


1.Direct: Pip beging the study as a young orphan who lives and is being raised by his sister and brother-in-law.
Indirect: Joe Gargery, Pips brother-in-law has a huge impact on Pip, stays with abusive wife.

2.I would have to say that the author does use a little more syntx but overall is equally detailed no matter what is happening.

3. Yes, Pip is a dynamic character. He goes from being an orphan to growing up and living in London getting an annual allowance from Jaggers. Pip is also a round charater because he overcomes obstacles and changes.

4. Yes, after reading this i felt like i knew and know people who are fake and crazy just like Mis Havisham.